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KEYLIFT FORKLIFT TRUCK TRAINING Professional Fork Lift Truck Training

What Is Rated Capacity On Forklift Trucks?

Let me start by explaining the difference between a forklift rated capacity and actual capacity. The rated capacity refers to the maximum carrying capacity of the forklift truck. The actual capacity is what the forklift truck can lift at various heights and load centres.  The actual load determines the correct dimensions of the load that needs to be transported (see below)

Toyota Rated Capacity Plate

Reading A Forklift Trucks Capacity Plate

As you can see from the image above, the rated capacity is 2000kg. This does not mean it can lift 2000kg in every situation. If you look at the actual capacity located below it states you can lift 1800kg at a 500mm load centre. This means you can lift only 1800kg going into a UK standard pallet width ways.

To the left, you can see 1620kg at a 600mm load centre. This means you can lift 1620kg going into a UK standard pallet length ways. It then goes on to give you what you can lift at a 1000mm load centre.

REMEMBER, Just because a forklifts rated lifting capacity is 2000kg, it doesn’t mean that it can lift 2000kg. There are a number of things that can affect this. You must first consider the load centre as mentioned above.  The height you take the load will also affect the stability.  On this particular capacity plate, it states you can lift up to a height of 5000mm

An uneven load can not only reduce the overall lifting capacity but make the truck unstable. Tyres and tread types as well as attachments and batteries in electric vehicles can also affect the performance so it is important that all information (i.e. rated capacity of attachments and vehicle) is listed on a data plate.

Other Factors That Can Effect The Trucks Capacity

All attachments including masts, cages and forks have their own rated capacity.  The maximum rated capacity listed on the data plate cannot exceed the maximum weight capacity of any load bearing component.  If you have a truck capable of lifting 4000kg but the forks extensions can only lift 2000kg, then the maximum lifting capacity would be 2000kg.

Always check with your manufacturer or truck dealer if unsure and they will be able to give you advice and further information on this. 

Always make sure you follow the guidelines. Not only on the truck but also on the attachment to prevent wear and tear of the vehicle.

If the weight is not evenly distributed on the forklift truck, then you run the risk of the vehicle becoming unstable and tipping over. 

If the truck does not contain a data plate, then you must find that information and replace it. Don’t forget, the rated capacity can change dependant on attachments used so make sure this is up to date.

When we complete our training and examinations with you, we will advise you of the truck’s capacity and help you identify this on the vehicle if you do not know already.

For further information on this, please check out our attachment blog.

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